GPH-International Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research http://www.gphjournal.org/index.php/ssh <p><span style="color: #222222;"><span style="font-family: 'Book Antiqua', serif;"><strong><span style="helvetica: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium; font-family: 'Book Antiqua', serif;"><span style="color: #000000;">(e-ISSN 2795-3248&nbsp;p-ISSN 2795-3222) </span></span></span></strong><span style="helvetica: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium; font-family: 'Book Antiqua', serif;"><span style="color: #000000;">Some of the major topics include (but are not limited to) are </span></span></span><span style="helvetica: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium; font-family: 'Book Antiqua', serif;"><span style="color: #000000;">Law, Anthropology, Archaeology, Geography, and Regional Planning, Terrorism, Business Management, Business Studies, Communication studies, Corporate Governance, Corporate organization, Criminology, Cross-cultural, studies, Demography, Development Studies, Economics, English, Literature, Entrepreneurship, ethics, General History, Geography, History, Human, human Tribes, Industrial relations, Information Science, International relations, International studies, Law, Legal Management, Library Science, Linguistics, literature, Local Languages, Market Management, Media studies, Music, Operational Management. </span></span></span></span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><a title="Journal Impact Factor" href="http://www.gphjournal.org/index.php/index/jif"><span style="color: #222222;"><span style="font-family: 'Book Antiqua', serif;"><span style="helvetica: Arial, serif;"><span style="font-family: 'Book Antiqua', serif;"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: 1.5em;"><strong><span style="text-shadow: #FF0000 0px 0px 2px;">Impact Factor: 2.435</span></strong></span></span></span></span></span></span></a></span></p> en-US <p>Author(s) and co-author(s)&nbsp;jointly&nbsp;and severally represent and warrant that the Article is original with the author(s) and does not infringe any&nbsp;copyright or violate any other right of any third parties, and that the Article has not been published&nbsp;elsewhere.&nbsp;Author(s) agree to the terms that the <strong>GPH Journal</strong> will have the full right to remove the published article on any misconduct found in the published article.</p> drekekejohn@gmail.com (Dr. EKEKE, JOHN NDUBUEZE) gpheditor@gmail.com (MOHD MUSTAQUE) Sat, 22 Oct 2022 16:09:39 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Exploitation didactique du texte littéraire à des fins communicatives http://www.gphjournal.org/index.php/ssh/article/view/726 <p>Le texte littéraire est devenu le support principal de l’enseignement-apprentissage du français langue étrangère<a href="#_ftn1" name="_ftnref1">[1]</a>, au Maroc, depuis la réforme en 2002<a href="#_ftn2" name="_ftnref2">[2]</a>.&nbsp;Convaincus des atouts du texte littéraire et de son intérêt pour la classe de FLE, nous considérons qu’il peut être un outil approprié pour favoriser la lecture, l’écriture et les échanges d’idées en langue étrangère. Cependant, la question des objectifs d’apprentissage, associés à l’usage de la littérature, se pose dans le milieu des pratiques pédagogiques.&nbsp; De ce fait, il est nécessaire d’entreprendre, aujourd’hui plus que jamais, un examen des pratiques autour des supports d’enseignement, plus particulièrement, les textes littéraires qui constituent le pivot de l’enseignement-apprentissage du français au secondaire qualifiant.</p> <p>Le caractère plurifonctionnel des textes littéraires participe à la variation des pratiques pédagogiques qui leur sont appliquées. Le fait que la lecture littéraire soit un processus interactionnel entre les lecteurs et les œuvres nous attache tant aux stratégies de stimulation des lecteurs par les œuvres qu’aux reconfigurations de ces dernières sous l’effet de l’activité des lecteurs. D’où l’importance centrale de la notion de dispositif de lecture qui constitue la stabilisation régulière et ponctuelle, &nbsp;des stimulus d’émotions, d’images et de réflexions produites par la rencontre d’une œuvre et d’un lecteur.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><a href="#_ftnref1" name="_ftn1">[1]</a> Qualifier le français de langue étrangère est dû à un état de fait qui se manifeste à travers le niveau de compétences des apprenants en la matière et leur rapport avec elle.</p> <p><a href="#_ftnref2" name="_ftn2">[2]</a> La réforme de 2002 en matière de français consiste en un remplacement du manuel par des œuvres littéraires.</p> majda elmortaji ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 http://www.gphjournal.org/index.php/ssh/article/view/726 Sat, 22 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 La phonétique dans l’enseignement/apprentissage de l’oral en classe de FLE http://www.gphjournal.org/index.php/ssh/article/view/727 <p>Le fonctionnement des sociétés modernes repose de plus en plus sur le potentiel communicatif et informatif que véhicule la parole. Pour communiquer dans une langue, il est indispensable de la parler correctement.</p> <p>L’expression et la compréhension sont deux éléments en étroite corrélation et il est difficile de les dissocier. L’apprentissage de l’une sert à développer l’autre. C’est ainsi que bien parler implique bien écouter, bien comprendre et bien s’exprimer.</p> <p>Dans le contexte marocain, au cours de ces dernières décennies, les instructions officielles donnent une place importante à l’oral qui représente dans l’enseignement/apprentissage des langues un soubassement indispensable à toute appropriation.</p> <p>Le principe innovant&nbsp; apporté par les recommandations pédagogiques est&nbsp;: l’enseignement selon l’approche par compétences. Ce projet suppose que l’élève marocain, au bout de son cursus scolaire, devrait avoir un profil qui répond aux objectifs convoités, notamment, la maitrise du français&nbsp;; pour en faire usage dans une perspective communicative.</p> majda elmortaji ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 http://www.gphjournal.org/index.php/ssh/article/view/727 Sat, 22 Oct 2022 17:11:32 +0000 APPORT DES CYCLES DANS LA VENTE DE LA VOLAILLE TRADITIONNELLE DANSLA VILLE DE DALOA (CENTRE-OUEST DE LA CÔTE D’IVOIRE) http://www.gphjournal.org/index.php/ssh/article/view/728 <p>In Côte d'Ivoire, with Decree No. 97-19 of January 15, 1997, the national territory is subdivided into 33 major regions. The one located in the Center-West of Côte d'Ivoire is characterized by animal protein distribution networks. With the means of communication, they leave the rural hinterlands (immediate and distant) to reach the town of Daloa, the capital of the Haut-Sassandra region. Food security has prompted the creation of modern farms in peri-urban areas to meet the enormous needs of city dwellers for poultry meat. Notwithstanding, poultry farming in peasant habitats regularly offers traditional poultry (chickens and guinea fowl) to Daloa users. The objective of this study is to know the distribution network of traditional poultry in Daloa. The documentary research, the direct observation and the interview sessions with the actors animating the said distribution network, made it possible to have the data and information necessary to carry out this article. Thus, two supply zones rely on the means of communication to supply the city of Daloa with traditional poultry. With the advent of the avian flu virus A (H5N1) epidemic in 2015, the street sale of traditional poultry intensified in this capital of the Haut-Sassandra region. This activity thus constitutes one of the sources of acquisition of pecuniary gains for the peasants whose annual income is still derisory.&nbsp;</p> Dr. TANO Kouamé, KONANAmani Fulgence ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 http://www.gphjournal.org/index.php/ssh/article/view/728 Fri, 04 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Groundwater-food security nexus under changing climate-historical prospective of Indus basin irrigation system in Pakistan http://www.gphjournal.org/index.php/ssh/article/view/717 <p>Irrigated agriculture plays a vital role in the economy of Pakistan by contributing about 90% of food production, 22% of GDP, employing about 45% of the overall labor force, and generating over 60% of foreign exchange. The role of water resources has become significant which underpins the food security in the country. Indus Basin Irrigation System (IBIS) is the lifeline for the economy of Pakistan and is the major pillar of food security. IBIS is one of the largest irrigation networks in the world and is confronted with multidimensional challenges out of which climate changes have attained paramount importance. The irrigation system was designed on a 67% irrigation system during the 19<sup>th</sup> century while the current cropping intensity has crossed the limits of 150-160% or even more. Continuous increase in population and consequently more food demands have shifted the pressure on the aquifer underlying the Indus Basin. India, USA &amp; China, and Pakistan has become the 4<sup>th </sup>largest user of groundwater where about 40% of irrigated food production is dependent on groundwater. In Punjab province, about 1.2 million tubewells are extracting about 40-45 MAF of groundwater annually. Consequently, groundwater management has confronted a multitude of tiny users in Pakistan. Climatic changes have made the availability and reliability of surface water a question mark. Resultantly pressure on groundwater is increasing and water levels are dropping abruptly taking this resource beyond the bounds of rural poor farmers. The intrusion of saline water into the fresh aquifer, secondary salinity, and seawater intrusion are the major threats to groundwater quality.&nbsp; About 3000 piezometers have been installed to monitor groundwater behavior (levels and quality) in the Punjab province. A research study carried out in Lower Bari Doab Canal (LBDC) has indicated that by falling of water table from 40 to 70 ft. the cost of pumping per acre-feet of groundwater has increased by 125%. &nbsp;Similarly, it has been observed that in many urban areas groundwater is depleting at an annual alarming rate of 2.54 ft., (Lahore city) and the water table in sweet water zones in rural areas (Vehari District) has gone beyond 70-90 ft. Human activities like increasing cropping intensities, unplanned over pumpage, lack of awareness/capacity, use of chemicals in agriculture/food production, industrialization, urbanization, solid waste landfills, domestic effluents, lack of legal and regulatory framework, etc. are the major threats to sustainable use of groundwater for food security. Climatic changes are posing severe adverse impacts on the sustainable use of groundwater which is putting food security under threat. Global warming, rising sea levels, glacier melting, unprecedented rainfall, prolonged droughts, and floods are the consequences of changing climate which are affecting directly or indirectly the groundwater resources in the aquifer underlying the Indus Basin.</p> Ghulam Zakir-Hassan, Ghulam Shabir, Faiz Raza Hassn, Saleem Akhtar ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 http://www.gphjournal.org/index.php/ssh/article/view/717 Thu, 10 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND MARKETING SUCCESS OF OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY IN SOUTH SOUTH, NIGERIA http://www.gphjournal.org/index.php/ssh/article/view/738 <p>This study investigates the relationship between corporate social responsibility and marketing success in the oil and gas industry in South, Nigeria. The study adopted a cross-sectional research design. 301 copies of a questionnaire were distributed. The Multiple Regression Analysis Statistical tool was used with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 23.0), discriminant validity (AVE), and Cronbach Alpha verified the internal consistency and validity status and the results were positive. The findings of the study showed that CSR is significantly related to marketing success in the oil and gas industry, thus enhancing profitability and market share. Based on the findings, the study, recommends that Oil and gas firms should continue to enlarge their capacity for interacting with stakeholders through interpersonal small groups and public communication strategies. The firms should strive hard to jettison divide-and-rule tactics, selective engagements, and fire brigade approach to community people and issues.</p> Okoli, Walter, C., Prof. Ozuru, Henry N., Ademe, Doris G. ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 http://www.gphjournal.org/index.php/ssh/article/view/738 Sun, 13 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 MOBILE APPLICATION BANKING AND BUSINESS PERFORMANCE IN DEPOSIT MONEY BANKS http://www.gphjournal.org/index.php/ssh/article/view/739 <p>This study examines the relationship between mobile application banking and business performance in deposit money banks. An explanatory research design was adopted. Fourteen (14) deposit money banks were enlisted for study, drawn from Nigeria Stock Exchange as represented in Port Harcourt. However, our cross-sectional data were collected from 140 individuals, 10 purposively selected from each of the 14 banks. &nbsp;The findings of the study showed that mobile application banking does not significantly relate to business performance. Based on the findings, it was concluded that mobile application banking has a dual impact on business performance. Based on this, we recommended that mobile application banking and other innovative approaches improving the mundane applications as well, ensuring efficiency in delivery and improved site traffic positively.</p> NWARISI, NSIRIM SONNY, IGWE, PEACE, OZURU, HENRY NMELISI ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 http://www.gphjournal.org/index.php/ssh/article/view/739 Sun, 13 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 STUDY OF YOUTH PROBLEMS IN WEST KUTAI REGENCY http://www.gphjournal.org/index.php/ssh/article/view/742 <p>The aim of the research is to examine the problems faced by the Government in the context of empowering youth in the dimensions of social, national, and state life in West Kutai Regency.</p> <p>The research was conducted from August to October 2021 in West Kutai Regency. East Kalimantan Province.</p> <p>This study uses legal research methods, namely by conducting Normative Juridical and Empirical Juridical legal research. The stages of research activities are: (1) identification of the problems faced in youth development in West Kutai Regency; (2) inventory of legal materials needed related to Youth, systemization and analysis of legal materials; (3) observation and data collection; (4) data analysis; and (5) reporting.</p> <p>The results of the study show that (1) the problems or obstacles faced by the Government of West Kutai Regency in the context of empowering youth in the dimensions of social, national and state life in West Kutai Regency include: (a) there are no facilities and infrastructure such as youth arenas in West Kutai Regency ; (b) Lack of youth activities in West Kutai Regency; (c) youth organizations/youth communities and the like, have never reported their activities to the West Kutai Regency Government cq the West Kutai Regency Youth and Sports Office, this has become one of the reasons for the lack of communication to jointly develop West Kutai Regency through youth activities; and (d) lack of information related to youth activities in West Kutai Regency; and (2) the efforts made by the Government of West Kutai Regency in the field of youth development, namely by carrying out youth awareness, empowerment and development activities.</p> Fatimah Asyari, Amin Slamet, . Maisyarah ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 http://www.gphjournal.org/index.php/ssh/article/view/742 Thu, 24 Nov 2022 06:24:09 +0000 FEAR APPEAL AND CUSTOMER PATRONAGE OF RETROVIRAL DISTRIBUTING HOSPITALS IN PORT HARCOURT http://www.gphjournal.org/index.php/ssh/article/view/748 <p>The study’s goal was to look into the affiliation between fear appeal and client patronage in Port Harcourt’s retro-viral distribution hospitals. The objectives were to investigate the effect between perceived threats and self-control on customer patronage of retro-viral distributing hospitals in Port Harcourt, and mediated with audience perception on fear appeal and customer patronage of retro-viral distributing hospitals in Port Harcourt. The three major government-operated hospitals constitute the population for the study and customers of the above organizations served as the respondents to the research instrument, which was determined using Freund and William (2009). The analysis was carried out through simple percentages and Simple Regression, and the results illustrated that fear appeal adopted by retro-viral distributing hospitals in Port Harcourt to a large extent influences the measure of customer patronage; that is, perceived threat influences buying intent and repeat buying positively; self-control influences buying intent and repeat buying positively, and threat severity influence buying intent and repeat buying positively. It was suggested that Retro-viral distributing hospitals should learn to use messages that relate to the consumer's goals and interests to convince customers to make purchases or even become loyal customers.</p> AMADI, THANKGOD, IGWE, PEACE, OZURU, HENRY NMELISI ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 http://www.gphjournal.org/index.php/ssh/article/view/748 Mon, 28 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000